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National Head Start Fact Sheet
Head Start by the Numbers

This page presents national data for Head Start in 2015-2016. How does this break down state by state?

Access to Head Start in the United States of America

 

Total Funded Head Start (HS) Slots: 771,479

Total Funded Early Head Start (EHS) Slots: 149,986

 

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31% of eligible children ages 3 - 5 had access to HS.

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6% of eligible children under 3 had access to EHS.

 


 

The United States' Head Start Workforce

 

There are 241,450 Head Start and Early Head Start jobs in the U.S.

The average Head Start teacher with a bachelor’s degree in the U.S. makes $32,137 per year, compared to the $54,550 a kindergarten teacher makes annually.


 

24,301

Head Start children were in foster care

13,717

Head Start children with veteran/active military parents

44,897

Head Start children experiencing homelessness

 

“My family included a single mom and six siblings. Only the two youngest, my sister and I, attended Head Start. The four oldest have either been incarcerated, struggled with drug addiction, had trouble maintaining a job, or passed away. My sister is a successful court reporter. I have served as a military officer, state agency head, and speaker for the State Department. What was the discriminating factor? I contend it was Head Start.”

- Chuck Mills, Former Marine One co-pilot

 

In the United States...

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1,043,889

children had continuously accessible health care

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968,895

children had continuous access to dental care

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133,863

children were identified with special needs

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151,203

parents advanced their education level
 

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71,573

families received job training
 

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15,284

pregnant women were served by Early Head Start

Head Start's Impact:

The Head Start Advantage

Children who participate in Head Start programs receive innumerable benefits. These advantages appear immediately, last a lifetime, and even have an effect on other generations.


 

38%

Head Start children reduce their vocabulary deficit by 38% during the program year.


 

31%

Head Start children are 31% less likely to have been held back a grade.


 

19%

Head Start children are 19% less likely to smoke as adults.


 

13%

High quality birth-to-five programs, like the combination of EHS and HS, pay off 13% per year.

 


National and Categorical Fact Sheets

National Fact Sheet

Migrant / Seasonal Head Start Fact Sheet
Tribal / Alaskan Indian / Alaska Native Head Start Fact Sheet

Head Start Children with Disabilities Fact Sheet
Head Start Foster Children Fact Sheet
Homeless Head Start Children Fact Sheet
Head Start Military Families Fact Sheet

 

State-by-State Fact Sheets

 

Click the links below to download PDF fact sheets of each state.



Citations

National and State Fact Sheet Citations
Categorical Fact Sheet Citations