National Head Start Association

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Researchers Letter to Congress


March 2011

Dear Member of Congress,

We understand that due to growing federal deficit, we are entering a period of significant cuts to non-security discretionary spending. At a time when America's economic survival and global competitiveness is at stake, while child poverty in America is also soaring, we consider cuts to Head Start and Early Head Start extremely short-sighted.  As researchers, we offer some facts about Head Start that are worth remembering:

Head Start improves the odds and the options for at-risk kids for a lifetime.  Kids that have been through Head Start and Early Head Start are healthier, more academically accomplished, more likely to be employed, commit fewer crimes, and contribute more to society. 

Simply put: Head Start works.  It's been proven.

Studies of Head Start programs found that Head Start increases educational achievement: raising test scores, decreasing the need for children to receive special education services and making it less likely that children will repeat a grade.[i] Head Start graduates are also more likely to graduate from high school and attend college.[ii]

 Head Start's impact on child health is impressive. Likely because of its required medical screenings, vaccinations, and emphasis on nutrition, Head Start reduces by as much as 50 percent the mortality rates for 5- to 9-year-olds.[iii] A Head Start child is 19 to 25 percent less likely to smoke as an adult.[iv]  And Head Start parents receiving health literacy decreased annual Medicaid costs by $232 per family.[v]

Head Start graduates are 12 percent less likely to be booked or charged with a crime.[vi] This reduction translates into savings for crime victims, local, state, and federal governments, and the American taxpayer.

The National Impact Study of Head Start found that children attending Head Start made significant cognitive and socio-emotional gains compared with the control group children during the Head Start year and were in better health compared to the control group children.[vii]

And it's not just the at-risk kids who benefit.  Head Start and Early Head Start also provide improved parenting skills and practices.[viii] Head Start's emphasis on parental involvement contributes to the upward mobility of Head Start parents by helping to move them out of poverty,[ix] and that Early Head Start parents are much more likely to participate in job training programs and more likely to have a job.[x] At a time when unemployment rate is hovering close to 10%, Head Start and Early Head Start are critical gateways to employment.

As the 112th Congress evaluates domestic discretionary spending, we urge you to look at the substantial research showing that Head Start and Early Head Start programs have a long history of not only being a wise investment and saving local, state, and federal taxpayers money but also a critical safety net for our most vulnerable citizens.

Multiple studies demonstrate that Head Start is an astoundingly smart investment.  For every $1 invested in Head Start, we get a Return On Investment (ROI) ranging from $7 to $9.[xi]  As James Heckman, a Nobel Laureate in Economics at the University of Chicago, recommended to the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Reform: "Early Head Start and Head Start are programs on which to build and improve-not to cut."[xii] That's why we ask that Congress to provide $8.2 billion in Fiscal Years 2011 and 2012 to ensure that Head Start and Early Head Start can maintain their current enrollment levels.

 

Sincerely,


Edward Zigler, Ph.D.
Sterling Professor of Psychology, Emeritus
Director Emeritus, The Edward Zigler Center in Child Development and Social Policy
Yale University

 

       Kathleen McCartney, Ph.D.
Dean & Gerald S. Lesser Professor in Early Childhood Development
Harvard Graduate School of Education
Harvard University
      Mary Abbott, Ph.D.
Associate Research Scientist
University of Kansas

Linda Albi, M.S.
Adjunct Faculty
Field Experience Coordinator Early Intervention Master’s Program
University of Oregon

 

 LaRue Allen, Ph.D.
Professor
New York University
 Jennifer Astuto, Ph.D.
Assistant Director, Assistant Research Professor
Child and Family Policy Center, Department of Applied Psychology
New York University
Jane Atwater, Ph.D
Assistant Research Professor
University of Kansas
 

Stephen J. Bagnato, Ed.D.
Professor of Pediatrics & Psychology
University of Pittsburgh

 

 Jessica V. Barnes, Ph.D.
Associate Director of University-Community Partnerships
Michigan State University
Steven Barnett, Ph.D.
Co-Director
National Institute for Early
Education Research
Rutgers University
 

Sandra Barrueco, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Psychology
Fellow of the Institute for Policy Research & Catholic Studies
The Catholic University of America

 

 

Lauren Barton, Ph.D.
Early Childhood Development Researcher
SRI International

Diane Becker, NCCJTS, ILCSW
Founder
Avenue For Change
 

Linda S. Beeber, Ph.D., APRN-BC, FAAN
Professor, School of Nursing
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 Katherine Renee Behring, M.Ed
Early Childhood Education Consultant
University Settlement

Lisa Berlin, Ph.D.
Research Scientist
Duke University
 Ilene Berson, Ph.D.
Professor of Early Childhood Education
University of South Florida
 

Kathryn Bigelow, Ph.D.
Assistant Research Professor
Juniper Gardens Children's Project
University of Kansas

 

Charles Bleiker, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Florida International University
 

 Mary Boat, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Early Childhood Education
and Director of Graduate Studies
University of Cincinnati

 

 Patti Bokony, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Rosemary Bolig, Ph.D.
Professor of Early Childhood Education
University of the District
of Columbia

 

 Neil W. Boris, M.D.
Professor
Tulane University
 John Borkowski, Ph.D.
Research Professor of Psychology
Andrew J. McKenna Family
University of Notre Dame

Kelly K. Bost, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Illinois


 Lisa Boyce, Ph.D.
Research Assistant Professor
Utah State University
 

Isabel Bradburn, Ph.D.Research Director, Child Development Center for Learning and Research Virginia Tech University

 

Robert Bradley, Ph.D.Professor Arizona State University

 

Linda Brekken, Ph.D.
Director
SpecialQuest Consulting Group
Napa County Office of Education

 

 Christopher Brown, Ph.D.Assistant Professor of Political Science

David L. Brown, Ph.D.
Professor of Early Childhood Education
William L. Mayo
Texas A&M University-Commerce

 

 

Jan Brown, M.Ed.


 Holly Elissa Bruno, J.D.
Adjunct Professor
Wheelock College
Deborah A. Bruns, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Southern Illinois University of Carbondale

 

Margaret Burchinal, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 Barbara M. Burns, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Louisville
M. Susan Burns, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
George Mason University
 

Virginia Buysse, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 Victoria Carr, Ed.D.
Associate Professor
University of Cincinnati
Judith Carta, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist/Professor
Juniper Gardens Children’s Project
University of Kansas
 

Dina C. Castro, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
FPG Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 Eun Kyeong Cho, Ed.D.Assistant Professor University of New Hampshire
Audrey Clark, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
California State University
Northridge
 
 Jantina Clifford, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of Oregon
 

Richard M. Clifford, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
FPG Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

David Cohen
Director
Education, Research & Outreach
Sesame Workshop
 

Cynthia Garcia Coll, Ph.D.
Charles Pitt Robinson and John Palmer Barstow Professor
Professor of Education,
Psychology & Pediatrics
Brown University

 

 Marliee Comfort, Ph.D.
Partner
Parenting Assessment Research & Development & Dissemination
Comfort Consults, LLC

Nicola Conners-Burrow, Ph.D.
Research Associate Professor
University of Arkansas for Medical Science

 

 Gina A. Cook, Ph.D.
Research Scientist
Utah State University
 Rob Corso, Ph.D.
Assistant Research Professor
Vanderbilt University
Leslie Couse, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Early Childhood Education
University of New Hampshire
 

Diane Craft, Ph.D.
Professor
State University of New York at Cortland

 

 Danielle Crosby, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Flavio Cunha, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of Pennsylvania
 

Janet Currie, Ph.D.
Sami Mnaymneh Professor of Economics
Columbia University

 

 Lois-ellin Datta, Ph.D.
President
Datta Analysis

Andrea DeBruin-Parecki, Ph.D.
Associate Professor and Graduate Program Director
Early Childhood
Old Dominion University

 

 Michelle DeKlyen, Ph.D.
Associate Research Scholar
Princeton University
 Susanne A. Denham, Ph.D.
Professor
Department of Psychology
George Mason University
Sarah Dennis, Ph.D
Facilitator with the New Schools Project
Erikson Institute 
 Cynthia DiCarlo, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Louisiana State University
 

Susan Dickstein, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
and Human Behavior
Brown Medical School

 

Laurie Dinnebeil, Ph.D.
Professor and Daso Herb Chair, Inclusive ECE
University of Toledo

 

 Sebreana Domingue
Research Associate
UL Lafayette
 Catherine Donahue, Ed.D.
Associate Professor
Wheelock College

Anne Douglass, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
College of Education and Human Development
University of Massachusetts Boston


 Jason Downer, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist
University of Virginia
 Marilyn C. Dumont-Driscoll, Ph.D., M.D.
Associate Professor
University of Florida College of Medicine

Carolyn Pope Edwards, Ed.D.
Willa Cather Professor
Departments of Psychology, and Child, Youth, and Family Studies
University of Nebraska

 

 

Kristen Ehrhardt, Ph.D.
Professor and Unit Coordinator
Western Michigan University

 Pam Elwood, Ph.D.
Consultant of EC
Kent State University

Richard Fabes, Ph.D.
Dee and John Whiteman Distinguished Professor of Child Development
Dee and John Whiteman
Arizona State University

 

 Richard Faldowski, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
 

Beverly Falk, Ed.D.
Professor
School of Education, The City College of New York


Michaela L. Z. Farber, M.S.W., Ph.D.
Associate Professor
National Catholic School of School of Service
The Catholic University of America

 

 Edward G. Feil, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist
Oregon Research Institute
 Jason Kane Feld, Ph.D.
Vice President
Corporate Projects
Assessment Technology, Inc.
Anne L. Fetter, Ph.D.
Scientifically Based Researcher
Research Consulting & Design
 Richard Fiene, Ph.D.
Professor of Human Development and Family Studies & Psychology
Penn State University
 

Barbara H. Fiese, Ph.D.
Professor and Director
Family Resiliency Center
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

 

Janet Filer, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Department of Early Childhood
and Special Education
University of Central Arkansas

 

 Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Ph.D.
Associate Provost and University Distinguished Professor
Michigan State University
 Roseanne L. Flores, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Hunter College of the City University of New York
Susan Fowler, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Illinois
 

Ellen Frede, Ph.D.
Co-director and Research Professor
National Institute for Early Education Research
Rutgers University

 

 David Frisvold, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Economics
Emory University

Victoria R. Fu, Ph.D.
Professor
Child and Adolescent
Development
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
and State University

 

 Michael Fultz, Ed.D.
Associate Professor
University of Wisconsin-Madison
 

Kathleen Cranley Gallagher, Ph.D.
Scientist
UNC-Chapel Hill, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

 

Sukhdeep Gill, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Pennsylvania State University

 

Walter Gilliam, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Psychiatry and
Psychology
Yale University School of Medicine


 Herbert P. Ginsburg, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology and Education
Jacoh H. Schiff Foundation
Teachers College Columbia University
Mark R. Ginsberg, Ph.D.
Dean and Professor
College of Education and Human Development
George Mason University
 

Marika Ginsburg-Block, Ph.D.
Program Coordinator and Associate Professor of School Psychology
University of Delaware

 

 Carla B. Goble, Ph.D.
Professor of Child Development
George Kaiser Family Endowed
Tulsa Community Colleg

Michael K. Godfrey, Ph.D.
Professor
Brigham Young University-Idaho

 

 Phil Gordon, Ph.D.
Partner
Comfort Consults, LLC.

 Sandra Graham-Bermann, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry
University of Michigan
Liane Grayson, Ph.D.
Senior Research Analyst
Minnesota Department of Human Services
 

Beth Green, Ph.D.
Director of Early Childhood and Family Support
Center for Improvement of Child and Family Services
Portland State University

 

 Katy Gregg, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Georgia Southern University
Carolyn Griess, Ph.D. (ABD)
Faculty
Penn State University
 

Jennifer Grisham-Brown, Ed.D.
Professor
University of Kentucky

 

 Christina J. Groark, Ph.D.
Co-director, Office of Child Development
University of Pittsburgh

Judy Grossman, Ph.D.
Associate Director
Center for the Developing
Child and Family
Ackerman Institute
for the Family

 

 Alison Wishard Guerra, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
UC San Diego
 Sarika S. Gupta, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Fellow
Early Childhood Special Education Leadership/Policy
University of Colorado Denver
Trevor Hadley, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry
University of Pennsylvania

 

Rena Hallam, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Department of Human Development and Family Studies
University of Delaware

 

 
Brenda Jones Harden, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Maryland
Sanna Harjusola-Webb, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Kent State University
 Martha Elizabeth Harmon, M.A.
Writer and Consultant
Research for Different Educational Facilities
 

Thelma Harms, Ph.D.
Scientist Emeritus
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

Kathleen Hebbeler, Ph.D.
Program Manager
SRI International

 

Mary Louise Hemmeter, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Vanderbilt University

 

 Barbara Henderson, Ph.D.
Professor of Education
San Francisco State University
Blythe Hinitz, Ed.D.
Professor
The College of New Jersey
 

Deborah L. Hintz-Knopf
Program Manager in Education, Mental Health, Disabilities
for Head Start Agency
University of Wisconsin-Stout

 

 Alice Sterling Honig, Ph.D.
Professor Emerita of Child Development
Syracuse University

Diane M. Horm, Ph.D.
Director, Early Childhood Education Institute
GKFF Endowed Chair
University of Oklahoma-Tulsa

 

 Peter Huffaker, M.B.A., M.A.
Partner
Child Care Results
 Elisa A. Huss-Hage, M.Ed.
Professor
Owens Community College

Jason Hustedt, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Department of Human Development and Family Studies
University of Delaware

 

 Alissa Huth-Bocks, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Eastern Michigan University
 Mark S. Innocenti, Ph.D.
Director
Research & Evaluation, Center for Person with Disabilities
Utah State University

Iheoma Iruka, Ph.D.
Investigator
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

 

 Jean Ispa, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Missouri
  Carroll Izard, Ph.D.
Trustees Distinguished
Professor of Psychology
University of Delaware

Gera Jacobs, Ed.D.
Professor of Early Childhood Education
University of South Dakota


 Kristen Roorbach Jamison, Ph.D.
Research Associate
University of Virginia
 Abigail Jewkes, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Hunter College, City University of New York
Lawrence J. Johnson, Ph.D.
Dean, College of Education,
Criminal Justice, and
Human Services
University of Cincinnati
 Sharon Lynn Kagan, Ed.D.
 

Lilian G. Katz, Ph.D.
Professor Emerita &
Co-Director of the Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting
University of Illinois

 

Kristen Clarke Kellems, J.D.
Research Associate
University of Oregon
 Margaret King, Ed.D
Professor Emerita
Ohio University
 

Elisa Klein, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Human Development
University of Maryland, College Park


Christopher Kloth
Senior Consultant
ChangeWorks of the Heartland
 Mary Maguire Klute, Ph.D.
Senior Director of Research and Evaluation
Clayton Early Learning Institute
 

Lisa L. Knoche, Ph.D.
Research Assistant Professor
Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families and Schools

 

Laura Kohn-Wood, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Associate Chair and
Program Director
University of Miami, School of Education
 Jon Korfmacher, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Erikson Institute
 

Jonathan B. Kotch, M.D.
Carol Remmer Angle Distinguished Professor
of Children’s Environmental Health
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

Richard Lambert, Ph.D.
Professor
University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill
 Faith Lamb-Parker, Ph.D.
Professor
Bank Street College of Education
 

Deborah J. Leong, Ph.D.
Professor Emerita
Department of Psychology
Metropolitan State College of Denver

 

Joan Lieber, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Maryland, College Park
  Linda Likins
National Director
Devereux
 

Maura Linas, Ph.D.
Assistant Research Professor
Juniper Gardens Children's Project
University of Kansas

 

Christopher Lloyd, Ph.D, LCSW
Assistant Professor of
Social Work
University of Arkansas
at Little Rock

 

 

Michael L. Lopez, Ph.D.
Executive Director
National Center for Latino Child & Family Research

 Janice Lovell, M.Ed.
Higher Education Grant Director
Tennessee State University
Duane Lowe, Ed.D.
Adjunct Faculty
California State University Long Beach
  Julie Lumeng, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
University of Michigan
 

Catherine Lugg, Ph.D.
Professor of Education
Rutgers - the State University of New Jersey

 

Robert Lynch, Ph.D.
Professor of Economics
Washington College
 

Shelley Macy, M.A.
Early Childhood Education Faculty
Northwest Indian College


 Mary Maggitti, Ph.D.
Professor Emerita
West Chester University
Katherine Magnuson, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Wisconsin-Madison
 

Christopher A. Mallett, Ph.D., Esq.
Professor
Cleveland State University

 

 

  Patricia Manz, Ph.D.
Associate Professor & Program Director of School Psychology
Lehigh University
Rebecca A. Marcon, Ph.D.
Professor
University of North Florida
 

Sheila Marcus, M.D.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist
University of Michigan


 Smita Mathur, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of South Florida
Polytechnic
Wayne A. Mayfield, Ph.D.
Research Associate
University of Missouri
 

Rosemary McAuliffe
State Senator (1st Legislative District)
Washington State

 

 

Lisa McCabe, Ph.D.
Research Associate
Family Life Development Center
Cornell University

Robert B. McCall, Ph.D.
Co-Director
Office of Child Development, and Professor of Psychology
University of Pittsburgh

 

  Sandee McClowry, Ph.D., RN
Professor
New York University
 Cindy McGaha, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Appalachian State University
Robert McGivern, Ph.D.
Professor
San Diego State University
 

Lorraine McKelvey Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

 

 Elizabeth McLaren, Ed.D.
Assistant Professor of Education
Morehead State University

Christine McWayne, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Director of Early
Childhood Education
Tufts University

 

 Sara Michael-Luna, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Queens College-CUNY
 

Jon Miles, Ph.D.
Director
Searchlight Consulting, LLC.

Alison Miller, Ph.D.
Assistant Research Professor
University of Michigan School of Public Health

 

  Gayle Mindes, Ed.D.
Professor of Education
DePaul University
 Kathleen M. Minke, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Delaware

Cheryl Mitchell, Ph.D.
The James M. Jeffords Center
University of Vermont

 Simona Montanari, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
California State University, Los Angeles
 

Bruce Moore, O.D.
Chair Department of Specialty and Advance Care
New England College of Optometry

 

Amanda Moreno, Ph.D.
Associate Director
Marsico Institute for Early Learning and Literacy
University of Denver


 April Morris, M.S.
Partner
Child Care Results
 Jennifer Mosley
Manager of Research
Teaching Strategies
 Kimberly Murphy
Research Assistant
University of Oregon
 

 John Neisworth, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Special Education/
Early Intervention
Pennsylvania State University

 

 Dana Nelson, Ph.D.
Lecturer
University of Washington

Stacey Neuharth-Pritchett, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of South Florida Polytechnic

 Julie Nicholson, Ph.D.
Director, Leadership Program in Early Childhood
Visiting Assistant Professor, Mills College
 

Patricia Nunley, Ed.D.
Guest Lecturer
Mills College and
School of Education & Child Development
Professor
San Francisco City College

 

Cindy O’Dell, Ed.D.
Professor
Cleveland State University
 

Sue Offutt, Ph.D.
Executive Director
National Louis University

 

 Leslie Oppenheimer, M.Ed.
ECE Curriculum Coordinator
University of Maryland

Marissa Owsianik, M.A.
Advanced Doctoral Candidate
New York University

 Mariela Paez, Ed.D
Associate Professor
Boston College
 

Gail Perry, Ph.D.
Editor/Researcher
National Association for
the Education of Young Children

 

Roger Phillips, Ph.D.
Development Psychologist & Consultant
 Ruth Piker, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
California State University,
Long Beach

 Peggy Daly Pizzo, M.Ed.
Senior Scholar
Stanford University
Douglas Powell, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor
Purdue University
 Kristie Pretti-Frontczak, Ph.D.
Professor
Kent State University
 

Elizabeth Pungello, Ph.D.
Scientist
Frank Porter Grahman Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill

 

Amanda Quesenberry, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Illinois State University
 

C. Cybele Raver, Ph.D.
Director, Institute of Human Development and Social Change
New York University

 

 Aisha Ray, Ph.D.
Senior Vice President
for Academic Affairs and
Dean of Faculty
Erikson Institute
Erin E. Reid, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Research Associate
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
 Wendy Robeson, Ed.D.
Senior Research Scientist
Wellesley Centers for Women
Wellesley College
 

 JoAnn Robinson, Ph.D.
Professor, Director of Early Childhood Education and Early Intervention
Department of Human Development & Family Studies
University of Connecticut


James Rodriguez, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
California State University, Fullerton
 

 Leigh Rohde, M.Ed.
Project Director
Institiute on Disability
University of New Hampshire

 

  Yeon Sun Ro, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Penn State University

Donald A. Rock, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist
Educational Testing Service

 

M. Victoria Rodriguez, Ed.D.
Associate Professor
Lehman College, CUNY

 

 Lori Roggman, Ph.D.
Professor
Utah State University
Rene P. Rosenbaum, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Michigan State University
 

Sharon Rosenkoetter, Ph.D.
Associate Professor Emeritus
Oregon State University

 

Beth Rous, Ed.D.
Association Professor
Department of Educational Leadership Studies
University of Kentucky

 

Susan Sandall Ph.D. Associate Professor, Special Education University of Washington
 

Rosa Milagros Santos, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

 

 George Scarlett, Ph.D.
Professor
Tufts University

Ilene Schwartz, Ph.D. Chair and Professor, Special Education Director, Haring Center
College of Education
University of Washington

 

 Ronald Seifer, Ph.D.
Professor and Research Director
Brown University and E.P. Bradley Hospital
 Michael Seliger, Ph.D.
Dean
Bronx Community College of the City University of New York
Rachel Schiffman, Ph.D., RN
Professor and Associate Dean
College of Nursing
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
 

Jacqueline Shannon, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Brooklyn College, City University of New York


 Susan M. Sheridan, Ph.D.
Professor
George Holmes University
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Diana T. Slaughter-Defoe, Ph.D.
Constance E. Clayton Professor in Urban Education
University of Pennsylvania

 

 Kathleen Snow
Adjunct Professor
 

Susan Spieker, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Washington

Jane Squires, Ph.D.
Professor
Director of Center on Human Development
University of Oregon
  Ann M. Stacks, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Wayne State University
 

 Martha D. Staker, RN, M.S., M.A.
Director and
Principal Investigator
Project EAGLE
University of Kansas Medical Center

 

Prentice Starkey, Ph.D.
Senior Project Director
WestEd
 

Amanda Stein, Ph.D.
Early Childhood Special Education Leadership Postdoctoral Fellow
University of Colorado Denver

 

 

Deborah Stipek, Ph.D.
James Quillen Dean of
the School of Education and
Professor
Stanford University

Billy Stokes, Ed.D.
Director, Picard Center for Child Development
University of Louisiana at Lafayette

 

Joseph J. Stowitschek, Ed.D.
Research Professor Emeritus
University of Washington

 

 Paul Strand, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Washington State University Tri-Cities
Susan Straub, M.S.W.
Director
The Read To Me Program
 

Dorothy Strickland, Ph.D.
Samuel DeWitt Proctor Professor of Education, Emerita
Rutgers - the State University of New Jersey

 

  Kaveri Subrahmanyam, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology & Acting Chair
California State University, Los Angeles
Jean Ann Summers, Ph.D.
Research Professor
University of Kansas
 

Mallary Swartz, Ph.D.
Lecturer
Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development
Tufts University

 

 Teri Talan, Ed.D.
Associate Professor
National-Louis University

Angela Tookes
Program Coordinator
Family Foundations Early Head Start Office of
Child Development
University of Pittsburgh

 

 

Dana Tuller
Interlochen, MI


 Anne Turner-Henson, DSN, RN
Professor
University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Nursing
Anne Turner-Henson, DSN, RN
Professor
University of Alabama
at Birmingham, School of Nursing
 

Deborah Lowe Vandell, Ph.D.
Professor and Chair of the Department of Education
University of California, Irvine

 

 

Sue Vartuli, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Early Childhood Education
University of Missouri-Kansas City

 

Joan I. Vondra, Ph.D.
Professor of Applied Developmental Psychology (Retired)
University of Pittsburgh

 

 Alisha Wackerle-Hollman, Ph.D.
Research Associate
University of Minnesota
 Dale Walker, Ph.D.
Associate Research Professor
Junpier Gardens
Children’s Project
University of Kansas

Shavaun Wall, Ph.D.
Professor of Education
The Catholic University of America

 

 Kathleen Wallner-Allen, Ph.D.
Senior Study Director
Westat
 Roberta B. Weber, Ph.D.
Faculty Research Associate
Oregon State University
Janette C. Wetsel, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Central Oklahoma
 

Marcy Whitebook, Ph.D.
Director and Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
University of California at Berkeley

 

 M. Jeanne Wilcox, Ph.D.
Professor and Director
Infant Child Research Programs
Arizona State University
Angela Wiley, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Illinois
 Jo Ann Williams, M.Ed.
Executive Director
Child Development, Inc.
 

Adam Winsler, Ph.D.
Professor of Applied Developmental Psychology
George Mason University

 

Edyth J. Wheeler, Ph.D.
Professor
Towson University
 

Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Ed.D.
Professor
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

 

 

Linnie Green Wright, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Boston College
Graduate School of
Social Work

Noreen Yazejian, Ph.D.
Scientist FPG Child Development Institute
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

 Meryl Yoches
Doctoral Student
University of Maryland, College Park
 Hiro Yoshikawa, Ph.D.
Professor of Education
Harvard University

Marlene Zepeda, Ph.D.
Professor
California State University, Los Angeles

 

  Chun Zhang, Ph.D.
Professor
Fordham University
  








[i] Barnett, W. (2002, September 13). The Battle Over Head Start: What the Research Shows. Presentation at a Science and Public Policy Briefing Sponsored by the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological, and Cognitive Sciences; Barnett, W. and Hustedt, J. (2005). Head Start's lasting benefits. Infants & Young Children, 18 (1): 16-24; Ludwig, J. and Miller, D. (2007). Does Head Start improve children's life chances? Evidence from a regression discontinuity design. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122 (1): 159-208.

 

[ii] Ludwig, J. and Miller, D. (2007). Does Head Start improve children's life chances? Evidence from a regression discontinuity design. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122 (1): 159-208.

 

[iii] Ibid.  

 

[iv] Anderson, K.H., Foster, J.E., & Frisvold, D.E. (2009).  Investing in health: The long-term impact of Head Start on smoking.  Economic Inquiry, 48 (3), 587-602.

 

[v] Herman, A. (2005, Fall). Making a Difference in Head Start Families' Health Care. Dialog Briefs, 9(1): 4.

 

[vi] Garces, E., Thomas, D. and Currie, J. (2002, September). Longer-Term Effects of Head Start. American Economic Review, 92 (4): 999-1012

 

[vii] US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report - Executive Summary. The control group children were supposed to only consist of children who did not receive Head Start services, but a significant proportion of the control group received Head Start services anyway.

 

[viii] US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010, January). Head Start Impact Study Final Report; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. (2004). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start, Volume I. Washington, DC.

 

[ix] Oyemade, U., V. Washington, and D. Gullo. (1989). The Relationship between Head Start Parental Involvement and the Economic and Social Self-Sufficiency of Head Start Families. Journal of Negro Education. 58, 1, 13.

 

[x] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. (2004). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start, Volume II: Final technical report appendices. Washington, DC.

 

[xi] Ludwig, J. and Phillips, D. (2007). The Benefits and Costs of Head Start. Social Policy Report. 21 (3: 4); Meier, J. (2003, June 20). Interim Report. Kindergarten Readiness Study: Head Start Success. Preschool Service Department, San Bernardino County, California.

 

[xii] Heckman, J. (2010). Letter submitted to the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Reform.