The following data sets have been used repeatedly in research studies to examine program outcomes and impacts on children and families who participated in Head Start and Early Head Start. Many are publicly available for research purposes.
Each year, the Office of Head Start gathers data from programs about services, staff, children, and families ranging from the cumulative children enrolled to teachers with masters degrees to families who secured housing. PIR data sets dating back to 2000 are available for download through the Head Start Enterprise System.
The Head Start Impact Study gathered data about a nationally representative set of Head Start children enrolled in 2002 and 2003. Data is available for secondary analyses. Third grade data is now available as well.
The Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project gathered data about children, families, and programs during the initial implementation phase of Early Head Start and followed children through the fifth grade.
Conducted every 3 years, most recently in 2012, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) gathers information about indicators of program quality, children's learning, and families' experiences. Baby FACES gathers data about Early Head Start in the intervening years. FACES data from 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2014 is available.
The National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) gathered data about a wide range of families, child care providers, and the early care and education workforce in 2012, among them Head Start programs and staff.
Managed by the Institute of Education Sciences, the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) includes a nationally representative sample of about 14,000 children born in 2001. Data is available through 2008 and includes their early learning experiences.
Hosted by Princeton University and Columbia University, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study is following a group of about 5,000 children born in large U.S. cities between 1998-2000 to at-risk families.
The Department of Labor hosts data sets from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997, which were conducted with young men and women born in 1957-64 and 1980-84 respectively.
The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) directed by the University of Michigan began in 1968 with a nationally representative sample of over 18,000 individuals and has since gathered information about those individuals, their families, and their descendants.
Additional data is available about the broader early learning landscape and the context in which Head Start children and families live.
Since 2001, the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) has published an annual state-by-state overview of early learning opportunities, policies, and trends.
A product of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the KIDS COUNT Data Center and annual KIDS COUNT Data Book provides census and other data on child well-being and ranks states on key measures.
Maintained by the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University, Diversity Data Kids offers "Child Opportunity Maps" as well as a series of analyses of Head Start data.
Created by the National Council of La Raza, the Latino Kids Data Explorer provides data about the experiences of Latino children at the state and national levels.